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72 Women's Inequality News Articles
from 2016 1st Half
Click on the links below to get the full story from its source

6-23-16 Asian millionaires 'top wealth rankings'
Asian millionaires 'top wealth rankings'
Asian millionaires now control more wealth than those in North America, Europe and other regions, according to a report from finance firm Capgemini. Driven by China and Japan, Asia's millionaires saw their wealth jump by 10% in 2015, the firm's World Wealth Report found. Worldwide, the wealth controlled by millionaires grew 4% last year to $58.7 trillion (£39.5 trillion). Earlier this year, Oxfam found that the richest 1% now have as much wealth as the rest of the world combined.

The 62 richest people in the world are worth more than the poorest 50%

6-17-16 Big firms pledge to fight gender pay gap
Big firms pledge to fight gender pay gap
ome of the largest companies in the country “are taking it upon themselves to address” pay inequity, said Alicia Adamczyk in Time.com. Amazon, Johnson & Johnson, and PepsiCo were among 28 major firms this week to sign the White House Equal Pay Pledge, part of the Obama administration’s effort to fight against unequal wages for men and women. By signing the pledge, the companies promise to conduct an annual analysis of their pay breakdown, as well as review their hiring and promotion practices.

6-13-16 Quick fixes on stereotypes won’t mean more female scientists
Quick fixes on stereotypes won’t mean more female scientists
Some differences in academic performance in scientific subjects are put down to people conforming to invalid gender stereotypes. But the case is far from clear. A popular explanation is the idea that a person conforms to a perceived stereotype about themselves – something called stereotype threat. For example, girls performing less well at maths because they have heard that boys are better at the subject. The effect of such stereotypes may then go on to affect subject choices and career paths. This idea has become one of the most studied theories in social psychology, and has been tested in hundreds of experiments. But the latest results suggest the consequences of stereotyping by race or gender are less clear than we previously thought.

6-7-16 The ugly secret of working moms
The ugly secret of working moms
"We're expected to do our jobs as if we don't have children — and then raise our children as if we don't have jobs," she said. "If you think about the model of the ideal mother, it's the person who sacrifices everything for her child. The ideal worker is someone who can drop everything and go on a business trip at a moment's notice, and who can stay late — not leave at 5 o'clock to pick up kids. So if you're trying to be both, then you are faking it." "We've made great strides to where women can achieve great things in the workplace," she says, "but we make it so impossible to be working and raising kids. As a society, we place no value in the act of caregiving." "The point is that if I couldn't make it work, imagine what it's like for single parents, or people living paycheck to paycheck!" (Webmaster's comment: Do the best you can and ignore the demands of the male-centric value system. You are not his breed-stock and don't need to be his competitor.)

6-6-16 Record showing for China on 'power women' list
Record showing for China on 'power women' list
Chinese women have made their strongest showing on Forbes magazine's list of the world's most powerful women. There are a record nine women from China on the 2016 Power Women list, though German Chancellor Angela Merkel remains in the top spot. Hillary Clinton, the US presidential candidate, and Janet Yellen, chair of the Federal Reserve, were second and third. The US dominated the list with 51 women represented, while China was second.

6-6-16 When Saudi women marry foreigners
When Saudi women marry foreigners
"This is how racism falls". These are the words of a Saudi man who attended the wedding of his relative, a Saudi bride who married a non-Saudi groom. Perhaps the man did not know that the very short clip he posted on Twitter - supposedly showing part of the wedding celebrations - would spark a nationwide social media debate covering the kingdom's social politics, racism and women's rights.

6-3-16 Football: US women's team cannot strike, judge rules
Football: US women's team cannot strike, judge rules
US women footballers have dominated the international game in recent decades, winning a string of titles. A judge has ruled that the world champion US women's football team does not have the right to strike. Female players had been considering striking in an effort to address wage discrimination. The US Soccer Federation sued the players' union to prevent a strike that could have caused the team to miss the summer Olympics. The judge ruled the players are not eligible to strike because of a provision in an earlier contract. In March, five players filed a lawsuit with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission alleging pay discrimination. They argued female players were sometimes paid four times less than their male counterparts despite holding the world title. (Webmaster's comment: The male establishment will use any means to deny women equal pay in America.)

5-27-16 Why are women banned from Mount Athos?
Why are women banned from Mount Athos?
Russian President Vladimir Putin is visiting Mount Athos in Greece to mark the 1,000-year presence of Russian Orthodox monks there. The Mount - actually a 335 sq km (130 sq mile) peninsula - may be the largest area in the world from which women, and female animals, are banned. Andy Walker asks why the ban exists. Mount Athos has barred women for more than 1,000 years - they are not allowed within 500m of the coast. This was the simplest way, he says, to ensure celibacy. The thing that makes Athos different from other monasteries, he says, is that the whole peninsula "is regarded as one huge monastery".

5-25-16 Women in sports are often underrepresented in science
Women in sports are often underrepresented in science
Studies of competitive sports and exercise are still dominated by men. Women exercise for fun and compete in sports, but when it comes to exercise science, men seem to matter most. Digging through three influential journals in the field — Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, the British Journal of Sports Medicine and the American Journal of Sports Medicine — Costello and his colleagues analyzed 1,382 articles published from 2011 to 2013, which added up to more than six million participants. The percentage of female participants per article was around 36 percent, and women represented 39 percent of the total participants, the scientists reported in April 2014 in the European Journal of Sport Science.

5-24-16 Evolutionary engineer Frances Arnold wins €1m tech prize
Evolutionary engineer Frances Arnold wins €1m tech prize
US engineer Frances Arnold has won the Millennium Technology Prize for pioneering "directed evolution". By driving a sped-up version of natural selection in the lab, the method has created new enzymes for industrial catalysts, household detergents, and even to make rocket fuel from sugar. The €1m (£0.8m) prize is awarded biennially and Prof Arnold is the first female winner in its 12-year history. It recognises developments that "change people's lives for the better".

5-19-16 A movie star and a maths expert fight for equal pay
A movie star and a maths expert fight for equal pay
House of Cards star Robin Wright has revealed she demanded the same pay as her co-star Kevin Spacey - but what does fighting for equal wages look like for women who are not movie stars? Both actors have also directed and produced episodes of the show. But while their roles are equally prominent, for years their salaries were not in parity. Wright looked at statistics which showed that for some time, her character was more popular than Spacey's. "So I capitalised on it. I was like, 'You better pay me or I'm going to go public…and they did.'" US government statistics show that on average, women are paid less than their male counterparts, 79 cents for every dollar a man earns. According to the White House, the median wage of a woman working full-time all year in America is about $39,600 (£27,116), 79% of a man's median earnings, which stand at $50,400.
In Fresno, California, Aileen Rizo took a similar stand against her employer after she learned she was receiving less pay than a new male employee, who didn't have a masters degree like she did. Ms Rizo had been working as a maths consultant for four years for Fresno County Office of Education, when she found out that the new hire was being paid at the highest salary scale (a nine), while she was being paid at the lowest (a one). When she confronted her human resources department about the difference, she was told it wasn't a mistake. "They said they'd used my prior pay as a guide, and that's why I was on less," she explained. The court ruled in Ms Rizo's favour, arguing that the fact another woman was paid more than her, shouldn't diminish her right to a fair wage. Her employers appealed the decision, and the case is still ongoing.

5-12-16 A brief history of the ladies' bathroom
A brief history of the ladies' bathroom
There's a long history of women feeling ill at ease when expected to perform a private act in a public space, and this history is worth considering as the national debate rages over transgender individuals and bathroom laws. Comfort, privacy, and fear all played a part in creating our sex-segregated bathroom system, and will continue to influence whatever system we create going forward. It took a really long time to convince women to pee in public. Mostly because, before the mid-1800s, the only public toilets were called "the street" and they were used almost exclusively by men. When ladies did go out, they didn't dawdle. There was nothing to linger for, really, outside of church or some other community meeting. Shopping wasn't fun. You handed the dry goods man your list of needed muslins and salt, he packed it up for you, and you headed home. If you had to go potty, you either held it, or found a nice grove of bushes or trees to relieve yourself, miles from anywhere public. America was a nation of "Restrooms for customers ONLY!" And by restrooms, they meant holes dug in the ground to poop in. Saloons usually had privies out back, but ladies weren't allowed in saloons. There were a handful of other "public" latrines, but they were usually built and maintained by local businesses solely to keep people from befouling their buildings.

5-6-16 Hey, men: This is how frustrating the gender pay gap is
Hey, men: This is how frustrating the gender pay gap is
Picture this: You're 10 years old, and there's just enough cake left for two delicious. Dad cuts a big piece for your twin brother and a small one for you, hands you your plate, and smiles as if. You take the meager slice and say thanks, but you feel. What could his reasoning? Are you not as? Does Dad not? The idea's absurd, of course, but. This is the reality of working women throughout the U.S.: a frustrating daily, dollarly injustice that affords them less than what. That falls maddeningly short of what they. That takes them almost to where they deserve to go and then. Irritating as hell, isn't? Welcome to our. Nationally, women earn less than 80 cents for every dollar that men. The rate is even lower for African American, Latina, and. According to the National Partnership for Women & Families (NPWF), the average woman could buy 83 weeks of food or nearly a year's worth of rent with the extra $10,700 per year she would be earning if she were a. You know — if she happened to have been born with a. Pardon my language but that is utter.

5-6-16 Elected women
Elected women
Vermont, Delaware, and Mississippi have never elected a woman to serve in either the U.S. Senate or the House of Representatives. Iowa and Alaska have never had any women in the House, and 22 states have never had a female U.S. senator.

5-6-16 Trump vs. Clinton: The looming gender war
Trump vs. Clinton: The looming gender war
He’s now put women in the same category as Hispanics, blacks, Muslims, and other groups who enjoy unfair advantages over white males in our society. Maybe some men will agree, but more than 70 percent of women already have “strongly unfavorable” views of Trump, and women will cast a majority of votes in November. “Ah yes, the woman’s card,” said Alexandra Petri in The Washington Post. This is the golden ticket that entitles lucky women to such rewards as a meager 20 percent of Senate and House of Representatives seats; to years of catcalls and sexual harassment, until you age and become worthless and invisible to men; and to a lifetime of “sizable discount on your earnings.” In politics in particular, holding the “woman’s card” is still a major disadvantage, said Joan Vennochi in The Boston Globe. Women in the public eye are “routinely marginalized as too old or too young; too tough or too soft; too ugly or too sexy.” Just watch: Clinton’s pantsuits and hairstyle “will generate more scathing reviews” than Trump’s “paunch and orange comb-over.” There’s no doubt that Trump, with his “decades-long record of calling women ‘dogs’ and ‘disgusting animals,’” is a true misogynist. “He likes to keep women near him as prizes and playthings, but those who trouble him with aspirations to full-fledged personhood can trigger a vindictive fury.”

5-6-16 U.S. suicide rate soaring
U.S. suicide rate soaring
But the sharpest rise in suicide rates was among young girls. The federal report reveals that 150 girls between 10 and 14 years old committed suicide in 2014 alone—a 200 percent surge in that age group since 1999. “I think it may be a reflection of access to social media, internet, and cyberbullying,” says adolescent psychiatrist Victor Fornari. Teens suffering from anxiety and depression can be powerfully influenced by websites and blogs dedicated to dark topics and self-destructive coping mechanisms, such as suicidal fantasies and self-harm.

5-6-16 Retirement: A gloomy forecast for investors
Retirement: A gloomy forecast for investors
Pity the young, said Rich Miller in Bloomberg.com. A coming collapse in investment returns means 30-year-olds starting to put aside money for retirement today will have to work seven years longer or save almost twice as much to build up the same nest egg as their parents. That bleak finding is part of a pessimistic new report from consulting firm McKinsey & Co. that says our current “golden era for investors” is ending. Over the past three decades, sharp drops in inflation and interest rates have combined with soaring corporate profits to spur remarkable gains in stocks and bonds, with the U.S. stock market growing nearly 8 percent a year. The next two decades, McKinsey predicts, “won’t be nearly as lucrative.” With the forces driving the boom largely played out and the economy expected to grow at a slower pace, investors can expect average annual returns closer to 5 percent. If McKinsey is right, “investors of all ages need to resign themselves to diminished gains.”

5-5-16 Photo of woman defying neo-Nazi march in Sweden goes viral
Photo of woman defying neo-Nazi march in Sweden goes viral
A photograph of a woman with her fist raised defying a uniformed march of neo-Nazis in Sweden has gone viral. Activist Tess Asplund took part in a counter-demonstration during a Nordic Resistance Movement (NRM) rally in Borlange on Sunday. She has been widely praised on social media, including by Harry Potter author J K Rowling, who has called her "magnificent". The anti-racism activist told Swedish P4 radio station that her act was an impulse, as she thought the neo-Nazi demonstration should not be being held there. (Webmaster's comment: Women and Decent Men all over the world need to make a public stand against Racist Pigs like these.)

5-3-16 Equally long lives for rich and poor? This dream is in retreat
Equally long lives for rich and poor? This dream is in retreat
For the first time since the Victorian era, the gap in life expectancy between the top and bottom of society is widening. We must fix this, says Les Mayhew. First the good news: we’re living longer in the UK, and men are slowly catching up with women. Now the bad news: the long-term narrowing of the gap in life expectancy between rich and poor has gone into reverse. A new analysis I co-wrote shows that among males who reach adulthood, the longest-lived can expect to reach an age of 96.2, living 34.2 years longer than those who fare worst. This gap is 1.7 years wider than in 1993, when it was narrowest, making this the first step back since the 1870s. For women, the situation is similar, but not so dire. The longest-lived can expect to reach 98.5 years, 31.5 years older than the shortest-lived. This gap was smallest in 2005, but has grown by 0.4 years. Recent statistics paint a similar picture in the US. The group whose lives are shortest is made up overwhelmingly of people who are poor. So why are they falling further behind for the first time since the Victorian era, after the gap narrowed in the decades to 1940 and then stayed the same for another 50 years?

5-2-16 Yahoo chief's $55m severance package revealed
Yahoo chief's $55m severance package revealed
Yahoo chief executive Marissa Mayer will receive $54.9m (£37.4m) in severance pay if she loses her job in the sale of the troubled internet firm. In February, the internet company announced it was offering its core business for sale, after several years of falling advertising sales. She has attempted to turn the company's fortunes around with a mobile-first strategy since 2012. But critics say she has failed to stem the decline. (Webmaster's comment: It's great she is getting compensated as much as failed male executives, but obscene that anyone could be compensated so much for failing.)

4-28-16 Blunt’s steely approach
Blunt’s steely approach
Emily Blunt will no longer bow to the sexism in her industry, said Celia Walden in The Telegraph (U.K.). Like a growing number of Hollywood actresses, the British star makes a point of demanding the same wage as her male co-stars. “I do feel it’s a question of responsibility now,” says Blunt, 33. “If you’re in a position where you’re given a big opportunity—as a woman and as an actress—you need to be asking, ‘What would a man in this industry be earning at the precise same point in his career?’ My agent can find out for me very quickly, so that’s something I always ask now. Then hopefully a woman working in a supermarket can say to themselves, ‘I’m going to find out what Bob’s getting—because I want the same as Bob.’” Women who adopt that steely position still meet resistance, Blunt says, but that doesn’t stop her. “Whenever women are trying to do deals, they’re so often seen as aggressive, bitchy, or diva-like, when no man putting up a good fight and asking to be paid his worth is ever described as ‘diva-ish.’ Likewise, ‘ambitious’ is applauded in men but seen as something rather clawing and selfish in women. So look: You reach a point in your career where you realize you can’t be liked by everybody.” (Webmaster's comment: If you don't demand it you're not ever going to get it!)

4-26-16 Gogi, the heroine created by Pakistan's first female cartoonist
Gogi, the heroine created by Pakistan's first female cartoonist
Pakistan's first female professional cartoonist, Nigar Nazar, nearly ended up becoming a doctor. The star of Nazar's comics, Gogi, is a progressive, educated Pakistani woman who wears polka-dotted dresses - and is loved by thousands around the world. One of her favourite cartoons explores how many in Pakistan prefer having sons to daughters.

4-21-16 Childcare and housework are what give women more heart problems
Childcare and housework are what give women more heart problems
Women are more likely to die after a heart attack than men because of traditional gender roles rather than because of biological differences between the sexes. Housework takes a heavy toll. Women may be more likely to die after a heart attack than men because they do more housework, childcare and looking after relatives. Women who have heart disease tend to have worse symptoms and are more likely to die from the condition than men. Until now, it has been hard to distinguish whether this might be due to differences in biology or lifestyle. But a new method for teasing apart physiological and social factors has shown that caring for children and performing household chores account for more of this difference than biological factors do. Worldwide, heart diseases kill more men and women than anything else. Doctors have long observed that acute coronary syndrome (ACS) – an umbrella term that covers many heart disorders including heart attacks and angina – affects women more severely. They have worse symptoms, poorer recoveries and are more likely to die from it.

4-20-16 Letter from Africa: Why Nigeria's women out-kick the men
Letter from Africa: Why Nigeria's women out-kick the men
In our series of letters by African journalists, novelist and writer Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani blows her vuvuzela for Nigeria's Super Falcons.The Super Falcons have an excellent record, winning the African title nine times. But despite the women's team being a sure-fire powerhouse in Africa, who continue to do their country proud, the Nigerian Football Federation does not seem to think that the women's team deserves to be treated well. News reports stated that the Falcons were handed a paltry 10,000 naira each ($50, £35) after they successfully booked a ticket to the 2016 Africa Women's Cup of Nations. This is in contrast with the men's team, whose players get paid $4,000 each for a draw and $5,000 for a win. The women are also reportedly still owed their bonuses for qualifying for last year's World Cup in Canada. Back in 2010, Nigerian sport journalist Nnamdi Okosieme reported extensively on how the Falcons had been playing for peanuts. The women received $500 for every match won at the World Cup, while the men got $30,000. And, while the male team were lodged in five-star hotels, the women's team was regularly kept in substandard accommodation, he said. (Webmaster's comment: They are a sleek, lean, mean kicking machine and the men can't hold a candle to them.)

4-19-16 Social media cries foul over Twitter's new China boss
Social media cries foul over Twitter's new China boss
So Twitter now has a managing director in China - a Chinese woman who used to be in the military - and online activists on the open side of the Great Firewall are freaking out.

4-15-16 Wealth Gap
Wealth Gap
Among American men, the top 1 percent in income live 15 years longer than the poorest 1 per­cent. Among women, the wealth gap is 10 years.

4-7-16 Parental leave - San Francisco v rest of world
Parental leave - San Francisco v rest of world
As any mother or father will tell you, having children is wonderful but it's not cheap. Now San Francisco is taking steps to try to relieve some of the financial strain on new parents. The city has become the first in the US to approve six-weeks of paid parental leave for full-time workers. It is not a lot by the standards of other Western countries, but it's a lot more than parents get at the moment. (Webmaster's comment: The rest of the United States you mean. The rest of the world has up to over a year of employer/government-paid maternity and paternity leave by law. The average in Europe is 22 weeks and increasing. See Paid Maternity Leave in Developed Countries)

4-8-16 The visionary who broke architecture’s glass ceiling
The visionary who broke architecture’s glass ceiling
Zaha Hadid was one of the most influential architects of her generation. The first woman to win the Pritzker Prize—the highest honor in her male-dominated industry—she designed avant-garde, organic-looking structures around the world that led her to be nicknamed the “Queen of the Curve.” Her aquatics center in London, built for the 2012 Summer Olympics, has a swooping roof that resembles a cuttlefish; the granite- and glass-clad steel frame of her pebble-like opera house in Guangzhou, China, seems to defy the laws of gravity. Yet for all her monumental achievements, the uncompromising Hadid never thought she’d been truly accepted by the architectural elite. “I don’t really feel I’m part of the establishment,” she said. “I’m not outside, I’m on the edge, dangling there. I quite like it.”

4-8-16 Minimum wage: The $15-an-hour experiment
Minimum wage: The $15-an-hour experiment
“The ‘Fight for 15’ movement got its biggest win yet,” said Timothy Lee in Vox.com. Democratic governors Jerry Brown of California and Andrew Cuomo of New York this week signed bills gradually raising the minimum wage in their states to $15 per hour over the next six years. California’s hourly minimum will inch up from $10 to $10.50 in 2017, then grow by $1 annually until 2022. Workers in New York City will get $15 per hour by the end of 2018, though small businesses and those located outside the city have longer to implement the increase. It’s a huge victory for a grassroots effort that began with protests by fast-food workers in 2012, but “it’s a gamble.” Will raising the minimum wage by 50 percent result in job losses and shuttered businesses? We won’t know for some time. “After all, people are still arguing about the effects of minimum-wage hikes that occurred in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s.”

4-8-16 India Shani temple to allow women worshippers
India Shani temple to allow women worshippers
Authorities of a Hindu shrine in India's western Maharashtra state have decided to allow female worshippers enter the inner sanctum, reports say. This followed weeks of protests by women's activists demanding entry to the Shani Shingnapur temple. The temple has for centuries been open only to men, one of the few in India to preserve the tradition. Last month the Bombay High court affirmed the right of women to enter and pray inside all temples.

4-7-16 Gender equality in workplace could add trillions to US economy
Gender equality in workplace could add trillions to US economy
Gender equality in the workplace could add $4.3 trillion to the US economy by 2025, a study has found. The McKinsey Global Institute conducted the research showing more female employment would boost the economy. It found $2.1 trillion could be added if the country raised its female employment ratio from 64% to 74%. "Gender inequality is a pressing human issue, but also has huge ramifications for jobs, productivity, GDP growth, and inequality."

4-6-16 Kathryn Sargent: Savile Row's first female master tailor
Kathryn Sargent: Savile Row's first female master tailor
Its history spans two centuries and it is known worldwide for its famous suits and impeccable cuts. Now for the first time on London's Savile Row, a shop has opened with a female master tailor. Kathryn Sargent has dressed royalty, politicians and celebrities, including David Beckham.

4-2-16 Pakistan: The women hanging out in all-male teahouses
Pakistan: The women hanging out in all-male teahouses
Traditionally, public spaces, like everything in Pakistan, are dominated by men. But now women are venturing out into male-dominated tea houses for the first time. Women try not to loiter on the streets for long, for fear of harassment and because generally it is socially unacceptable. A few months ago, a group of women in Karachi decided that they were going to reclaim their place in public spaces like teahouses, or Dhabas. The campaign became very popular on social media, but some of the women say they get stared at when they sit in the cafes among the men.

4-2-16 The 'next Einstein'? She's from Africa
The 'next Einstein'? She's from Africa
Back in 2008, South African physicist Neil Turok gave a speech in which he declared his wish that the next Einstein would be from Africa. It was a rallying call for investment in maths and physics research in Africa. The "Next Einstein" slogan became a mission for the organisation Neil Turok had founded to bring Africa into the global scientific community: the African Institute of Mathematical Sciences (AIMS). That search for an African Einstein now has some results, with 15 "Next Einstein Fellows" and 54 "Next Einstein Ambassadors" announced at an event last month. These are young African scientists, often leaders in their fields, working and studying in Africa.

4-1-16 The U.S. women's soccer team is blaming the wrong evil federation
The U.S. women's soccer team is blaming the wrong evil federation
Long-simmering tensions in the world of U.S. women's soccer boiled to the surface on Thursday when five prominent members of the national team filed a wage discrimination complaint against the U.S. Soccer Federation. Over the years, women soccer players in America have endured slights male players have not, such as poor accommodations (complete with bedbugs in one instance) and cheap fake turf. But the pay issue, right on the heels of the national women's team World Cup victory in 2015, appears to have been the final straw.On the matter of the national women's team specifically, it's hard to argue the point. They're projected to bring in over $5 million more in revenue than the men's national team in 2016, and the gap is anticipated to widen in 2017. Nevertheless, the women were paid about four times less than the men.

4-1-16 California plans $15 minimum wage
California plans $15 minimum wage
The nation’s most populous state is poised to “lead the way toward higher pay for the working poor,” said Sharon Bernstein in Reuters.com. California Gov. Jerry Brown struck a deal this week with legislative and labor leaders to raise the statewide minimum wage from $10 to $15 per hour by 2022—giving Californians the highest base wages in the nation. Fourteen states and several major cities began 2016 with minimum wage increases, but this is the biggest victory yet for the “Fight for $15” movement, which has galvanized labor organizers and liberal politicians nationwide.

3-31-16 Former US Soccer star: 'There are no more excuses'
Former US Soccer star: 'There are no more excuses'
Five members of the US women's national soccer team have filed a wage-discrimination complaint against the US Soccer Federation, citing that despite bringing in 20 million dollars more than the men last year, the women were paid four times less. World Cup Champion Briana Scurry, the former goalkeeper for the US Women's Team, told the BBC's Katty Kay that "enough is enough" and there are "no more excuses" for paying women athletes, of any sport, less than the men.

3-31-16 Five top US women footballers sue for better pay
Five top US women footballers sue for better pay
Five senior members of the World Cup-winning US football team have filed a lawsuit against the national federation for wage discrimination. Alex Morgan, Carli Lloyd, Megan Rapinoe, Becky Sauerbrunn and Hope Solo say they are paid less than half of what the male USA players receive. "The numbers speak for themselves," said goalkeeper Solo in a statement. The US Soccer Federation said it was disappointed, given the work it had done in building the women's game. American women's football has dominated the international game in recent decades, with a string of titles.

3-30-16 Female WW2 pilots fight for Arlington burial
Female WW2 pilots fight for Arlington burial
Arlington cemetery is considered the greatest military burial site in the US, with presidents, honoured military personnel and national heroes resting there. The Women Airforce Service Pilots, or WASPs, took to the skies for their country during WW2. One such WASP, Elaine Harmon, was a pioneer for female pilots and hoped to be buried in Arlington. A month before Elaine died, the law allowing WASPs for consideration was reversed and now her family is fighting for their right to be considered.

3-25-16 The value of women’s work
The value of women’s work
Women today are on average “better educated than men, have nearly as much work experience, and are equally likely to pursue many high-paying careers,” said Claire Cain Miller. But their median annual earnings stubbornly remain about 20 percent lower. Why the stalled progress on equal wages? New research suggests it boils down to a troubling bias: “Work done by women simply isn’t valued as highly.” Researchers analyzing census data back to 1950 found that “when women enter fields in greater numbers, pay declines—for the very same jobs that more men were doing before.” Recreation work in parks or camps, for instance, went from predominantly male to female from 1950 to 2000; over that time, inflation-adjusted wages for the work declined 57 percentage points. The job of ticket agent during the same period also transitioned from mostly male to female, and wages dropped 43 points. The same thing happened when women in large numbers became designers (down 34 points), housekeepers (21 points), and biologists (18 points). When women start doing a job, the findings suggest, the work begins to look as if it doesn’t require as much skill. Yes, some women choose lower-paid work because it offers more flexibility. But preconceived notions about gender also appear to play a role in the persistent wage gap.

3-25-16 The bottom 90 percent saw their average income fall 10.7 percent
The bottom 90 percent saw their average income fall 10.7 percent
The top 1 percent of U.S. earners had an average income of $1.26 million in 2014, down from $1.56 million in 2007, a 19.1 percent drop. The bottom 90 percent saw their average income fall 10.7 percent to $33,068 in 2014, down from $37,017 in 2007.

3-20-16 The woman who electrified a village and took on a mafia
The woman who electrified a village and took on a mafia
Kalawati Devi Rawat is known as the woman who brought electricity to her remote village in the hills of the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand, writes BBC Hindi's Salman Ravi.

3-20-16 Cuba dissidents Ladies in White prepare for visit from Barack Obama
Cuba dissidents Ladies in White prepare for visit from Barack Obama
The Ladies in White are a Cuban dissident group formed in 2013 by the wives of political prisoners. Some of the group's members will meet US President Barack Obama next week when he visits Cuba. The trip is the first for a US president in decades. The US government has continued to criticise the Cuban government for human rights abuses and cracking down on protest groups amid loosening of restrictions between the two countries.

3-18-16 Lori Robinson nominated as first US female combatant chief
Lori Robinson nominated as first US female combatant chief
US Defence Secretary Ash Carter has nominated the first female in US military history to lead a combatant command. General Lori Robinson has been nominated to lead the US Northern Command, Mr Carter announced on Friday. The position is one of the most senior in the US military and must be confirmed by the Senate. She is currently commander for the Pacific Air Forces and enrolled in the Air Force in 1982.

3-18-16 The bottom line
The bottom line
“Physician” tops the list of highest-paying jobs in the U.S., with a median base salary of $180,000, according to a survey by online jobs marketplace Glassdoor. That’s followed by lawyer ($144,500), research & development manager ($142,120) and software development manager ($132,000).
When a recent Stanford poll asked 1,200 Americans what they believe the typical CEO earns in a year, respondents said $1 million—a 10th of the actual average CEO pay, $10 million.

3-17-16 Justin Trudeau: 'I'll keep saying I'm a feminist'
Justin Trudeau: 'I'll keep saying I'm a feminist'
Speaking at a summit UN focusing on women, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has said he will continue saying he is a feminist "until it is met with a shrug." Mr Trudeau's cabinet has an equal number of men and women, and he is calling on world leaders to follow his government's lead.

3-16-16 Pakistan's first all-female boxing club
Pakistan's first all-female boxing club
A group of Pakistani girls are stepping out of patriarchal confines and into the boxing ring. It's not easy being a woman in Pakistan. In the often rigidly patriarchal society, women and girls can be forced into strict, subordinate roles that can prevent them from going to school, deciding if they want to marry, or worse. But, recently, a small and growing group of Pakistani girls are stepping out of their traditional roles and into the boxing ring. Since 1992, Younus Qambrani has been training aspiring male boxers at his Pak Shaheen Boxing Club, a nondescript, one-room building in a rough neighborhood in Karachi, Pakistan. But now, this bare-bones facility is unceremoniously breaking glass ceilings with the first all-female boxing class.

3-15-16 Saudi Arabia: All female Brunei crew in historic flight
Saudi Arabia: All female Brunei crew in historic flight
Three Royal Brunei Airlines pilots have made history by being the company's first all-female flight crew, making their first journey to Saudi Arabia, where women are not allowed to drive. The women flew the Boeing 787 Dreamliner from Brunei to Jeddah. The milestone coincided with Brunei's National Day to celebrate independence. Last year women in Saudi Arabia cast their votes for the first time in municipal elections. A total of 978 women also registered as candidates. They were alongside 5,938 men and had to speak behind a partition while campaigning, or be represented by a man. The decision to allow women to take part was taken by the late King Abdullah and is seen as a key part of his legacy. (Webmaster's comment: Just out of curiosity, do any US airlines have all female passenger flight crews?)

3-8-16 International Women's Day: Women see little improvement in work - ILO
International Women's Day: Women see little improvement in work - ILO
Women have seen only "marginal improvements" in the world of work in the past 20 years, according to a global study. Women work longer hours per day than men, the study said. The International Labour Organization (ILO) said the difference in the employment rate between men and women had decreased by 0.6% since 1995. In countries where women access work more easily, the quality of their jobs "remains a matter of concern". The findings come as events take place to mark International Women's Day.

3-5-16 What to do when nicknames go to far at work
What to do when nicknames go to far at work
When pet names go from the playground to the office, it’s time to fight back. Here’s how. Just when you think you’ve left the playground behind, the worst nicknames or diminutives seem to resurface in the least likely place: the office. But if you were known as ‘kiddo.’ ‘four eyes’ or ‘ginge’ at your workplace all day, every day, what would you do to change it? It’s in the way you say it.

3-4-16 Free the Nipple
Free the Nipple
New Hampshire lawmakers have proposed a ban on women exposing their breasts in public, in response to a “Free the Nipple” movement that led two women to go topless at a beach last year. “This is about a movement to change the values of New Hampshire society,” said Rep. Brian Gallagher. Without the law, he said, topless women will scare off families who vacation in the state.

2-26-16 'I want to be the first' says cycling pioneer
'I want to be the first' says cycling pioneer
Ayesha McGowan hopes to be the first African American professional female road cyclist.

2-26-16 Growth in Woman Employment
Growth in Woman Employment
Since the start of the recession, the percentage of women 55 years or older in the U.S. workforce has grown, while every other category of worker, by both age and gender, has declined or stayed flat. (Webmaster's comment: Why? They work for less.)

2-26-16 Voter ID battle
Voter ID battle
A 69-year-old black woman gave tearful testimony in federal court this week over one of Virginia’s strict voter ID laws—the first of several expected voting rights battles between Democrats and Republicans before November’s elections. The 2013 Republican-enacted law requires voters to show photo identification in order to cast a regular ballot. Republicans argue it helps prevent voter fraud, but Democrats claim it suppresses the voting rights of minorities and poorer citizens. Josephine Okiakpe, a resident of Northern Virginia, wept as she described arriving at her polling site in 2014 with a voter registration card, Medicare card, Social Security card, and a utility bill, only to be told she couldn’t cast her ballot. “It made me feel very frustrated,” Okiakpe said.

2-26-16 Immigrants are the only solution
Immigrants are the only solution
Out of sheer self-interest, Japan has to start taking in more immigrants, said the Mainichi Shimbun. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has had three years to try out his “Abenomics” plan, which was supposed to promote economic growth. But a “prolonged deflationary period” has brought only “continued sluggishness.” It’s not that we aren’t working hard enough. “The productivity of Japan’s working-age population far outstrips that of the U.S.” The problem is we simply don’t have enough workers. Abe has tried, albeit halfheartedly, to bring more women into the workforce, and has also tried to encourage women to have more children. But even in the very unlikely event that Japan sees another baby boom, it wouldn’t be enough to support our enormous and growing elderly population. The Japanese have long been opposed to immigration, fearing that foreigners would bring crime and dilute our “Japanese-ness.” But because of our labor shortage, young foreigners are already coming, lured by job opportunities. Our challenge now is to welcome these new arrivals and integrate them so that they become fully functional citizens, not just imported labor. Young workers are the “ones who innovate, who lead new consumer trends, who bolster Japan’s economic dynamism.” They are our future—no matter where they come from.

2-25-16 Beijing overtakes New York as new 'billionaire capital'
Beijing overtakes New York as new 'billionaire capital'
A total of 100 billionaires are now living in the Chinese capital, compared with 95 in New York, the report says. Shanghai, China's centre of commerce, comes in fifth place. Overall, China has overtaken the US as the country with the highest number of billionaires. However, the top 10 billionaires in Hurun's list is still dominated by Americans. It is topped by Bill Gates with a net worth of $80bn, followed by investor Warren Buffett with $68bn. The report found that overall there are now 2,188 billionaires in the world, a new record.

2-22-16 Hollywood has 'inclusion crisis' suggests study
Hollywood has 'inclusion crisis' suggests study
Hollywood has an "epidemic of invisibility" for women, minorities and LGBT people that runs across the whole industry, a new study has suggested. The report by the University of Southern California stated that Hollywood has an "inclusion crisis" from CEOs to minor characters. "Overall, the landscape of media content is still largely whitewashed," the study concluded. It comes days ahead of the Oscars, which has been dubbed OscarsSoWhite. The lack of diversity in the Oscar nominations led Spike Lee and Jada Pinkett Smith to boycott the ceremony and Oscars head Cheryl Boone Isaacs to pledge to double the number of female and minority members of the Academy.

2-19-16 Americans' shortened life spans
Americans' shortened life spans
The life expectancy of Americans is lower than that of people living in other high-income countries, and a new study explains why: We're inflicting earlier death on ourselves with self-destructive behavior. Car accidents, gun violence, and drug overdoses kill 100,000 people in the U.S. each year, which helps explain why American men and women die about 2.2 years earlier than residents of Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, according to a new study by the National Center for Health Statistics. American men and women have a life expectancy of 76.4 and 81.2 years, respectively, compared to 78.6 and 83.4 years for their peers abroad. "It seems staggering that we get two fewer years just for living here," study author Andrew Fenelon tells the Associated Press. Gun deaths, car crashes, and overdoses are responsible for half that difference, with the other lost year the result of higher infant mortality, health problems related to diet, and other factors. (Webmaster's comment: That's just the price of Liberty and Freedom according to Libertarians and Conservatives. Well those other countries have lots of Freedom and Liberty too, even more, but it doesn't kill them early. Maybe we could learn something from them by studying their governmental systems and laws.)

2-19-16 Reduced Life Span For Poor
Changing Life Span
The disparity in life span between America’s rich and poor is widening, according to a new Brookings Institution report. For men born in 1920, there was a six-year difference in the life spans of the top 10 percent and bottom 10 percent of earners; for men born in 1950, there was a 14-year difference. For women, the gap more than doubled during this period, from a 4.7-year difference to 13.

2-18-16 Enough is enough: India women fight to enter temples
Enough is enough: India women fight to enter temples
For centuries, temples and shrines in India have used "tradition" to keep women out, but now women are increasingly fighting for their right to worship, writes the BBC's Geeta Pandey in Delhi. In recent weeks, the patriarchal managements of shrines that bar women devotees, have been facing unprecedented challenge.

2-17-16 Female Student-Athletes Win Big on Great Jobs, Lives
Female Student-Athletes Win Big on Great Jobs, Lives
Female former student-athletes outperform other college graduates on important career and life outcomes. They are significantly more likely to be engaged in their work and thriving in several areas of well-being compared with college graduates -- including their male former student-athlete counterparts. These findings are according to a new analysis based on the Gallup-Purdue Index, a large national study of college graduates that measures whether graduates achieve "great jobs" and "great lives" by evaluating their workplace engagement and overall life well-being, among other outcomes. For female former student-athletes, it's a convincing win on these "off the field" outcomes, and builds on a growing set of findings about the positive links between women (and girls) and sports. Previous research has demonstrated that high school girls who play sports are more likely to get better grades and graduate than girls who do not play sports. Girls and women who play sports also have higher confidence and self-esteem levels. Many of these studies have compared females who participate in sports with females who do not.

2-17-16 TED 2016: Space archaeologist wins $1m to find hidden sites
TED 2016: Space archaeologist wins $1m to find hidden sites
Space archaeologist Dr Sarah Parcak has become this year's winner of the TED (Technology, Entertainment and Design) prize. The $1m prize is awarded each year to an individual who is judged able to spark global change. Dr Parcak is using the money to set up a website to crowdsource as yet undiscovered sites around the world. The so-called citizen scientists will also be called on to spot and report looting at existing sites. Dr Parcak is known as a space archaeologist because she uses satellite imagery collected above the Earth and analyses it using algorithms to identify subtle changes that could signal a hidden human-made structure. Her satellite mapping of Egypt has already suggested the existence of 17 hitherto unknown pyramids, 1,000 tombs and 3,100 settlements.

2-15-16 Watching the heavens: The female pioneers of science
Watching the heavens: The female pioneers of science
As the bombs fell on London during the Great War, two women kept a vigil of the night sky. Fiammetta Wilson and Grace Cook observed shooting stars - the chunks of space rock that light up the sky as they plummet to Earth. They kept up records of meteors in what was then very much a man's world. In 1916, the pair were among the first four women to be awarded fellowship of The Royal Astronomical Society - a milestone in the acceptance of women in science. Although their names have largely been forgotten, the first female fellows of the society are being remembered 100 years on.

2-12-16 The military: Registering women for the draft
The military: Registering women for the draft
This is war, not some Hollywood movie, said NationalReview.com in an editorial. “Ground combat is barbaric,” and if we order women into battle, they will face hand-to-hand struggles with larger and stronger men who will show them “no mercy.” No civilized society “drafts its mothers and daughters into combat.” A recent Marine Corps study showed that even the most eager and physically qualified female soldiers struggle to match up to their weakest male counterparts. Perhaps so, but women pushed for combat roles, said former U.S. Army helicopter pilot Amber Smith in TheFederalist.com. Now that feminists have succeeded in removing gender restrictions, we women must share the responsibilities of defending the nation. “That’s what equality looks like.” (Webmaster's comment: But 800,000 Russian women in WWII proved their equal to men in all but direct physical combat roles. See Page.)

2-8-16 Letter from Africa: Mugabe the feminist?
Letter from Africa: Mugabe the feminist?
In our series of letters from African journalists, film-maker and columnist Farai Sevenzo considers whether the best way to empower women could be to let them make their own decisions about their bodies.

2-5-16 Equal pay: Taking on the gender gap
Equal pay: Taking on the gender gap
It’s about time, said The Dallas Morning News in an editorial. More than a half-century after President Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act, which was supposed to prohibit wage discrimination based on sex, President Obama last week tackled the “substantial, unshakable salary gap” that persists between men and women. By executive action, Obama ordered the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to “require companies with more than 100 employees to report salary and compensation data by gender, as well as by race and ethnicity.” The new rule, which will cover more than 63 million employees, “will add significant insights into salary concerns across industries and occupations.” Those concerns are substantial. On average, women “earn 79 cents for every dollar paid to men,” and the gap widens among women of color, to 60 cents for African-Americans and 55 cents for Hispanics. When companies know their pay policies will be scrutinized, they’ll be less likely to discriminate.

2-5-16 The battle over the gender price gap
The battle over the gender price gap
Boots has reduced the price of "feminine" razors to bring them in line with men's. The chemist chain says it's just an isolated incident, but campaigners say its part of a "pink tax" that discriminates against women. Who's right and what's the bigger story, ask Jessica McCallin and Claire Bates. Campaigners against what's been dubbed the "pink tax" - where retailers charge women more than men for similar products - are celebrating after Boots said it would change the price of some of its goods. A Change.org petition has already gathered more than 43,000 signatures.

2-1-16 CEO Secrets: Sierra Leone FA chief on the future for women
CEO Secrets: Sierra Leone FA chief on the future for women
Isha Johansen, president of the Sierra Leone Football Association, offers the business advice she wishes she had had when she started out, as part of the BBC News series, CEO Secrets.

1-29-16 Controversy of the week
Controversy of the week
A Minnesota girls’ high school basketball team has been kicked out of its league for being “too talented.” Rogers Area Youth Basketball Association coach Jason Hanauska said the league explained that other teams didn’t want to play his 3-0 squad “due to the skill level.” “Are we supposed to play worse just to make them happy?” said one player.

1-22-16 62 Extreme Rich Own As Much As Half The World
62 Extreme Rich Won As Much As Half The World
The wealthiest 62 people now own as much as half the world’s population—or 3.5 billion people—according to a new study by Oxfam. The wealth of the richest 62 people has risen 44 percent since 2010, while the wealth of the poorest 3.5 billion has fallen 41 percent during that time.

1-18-16 Oxfam says wealth of richest 1% equal to other 99%
Oxfam says wealth of richest 1% equal to other 99%
The richest 1% now has as much wealth as the rest of the world combined, according to Oxfam. It uses data from Credit Suisse from October for the report, which urges leaders meeting in Davos this week to take action on inequality. Oxfam also calculated that the richest 62 people in the world had as much wealth as the poorest half of the global population. It criticised the work of lobbyists and the amount of money kept in tax havens.

1-17-16 Tsai Ing-wen elected Taiwan's first female president
Tsai Ing-wen elected Taiwan's first female president
Tsai Ing-wen has been elected Taiwan's first female president. Ms Tsai, 59, leads the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) that wants independence from China. In her victory speech, she vowed to preserve the status quo in relations with China, adding Beijing must respect Taiwan's democracy and both sides must ensure there are no provocations. China sees the island as a breakaway province - which it has threatened to take back by force if necessary. In her speech, Ms Tsai hailed a "new era" in Taiwan and pledged to co-operate with other political parties on major issues. The will of the Taiwanese people would be the basis for relations with China, Ms Tsai said.

1-13-16 Income Inequality Hurts Life Ratings Worldwide
Income Inequality Hurts Life Ratings Worldwide
The persistent rise in the share of income that the top 1% in many countries hold may be hurting the reported life ratings of the other 99%, with concerning implications for public health and national productivity, new research shows. A 1% increase in the share of taxable income held by the top 1% hurts life satisfaction as much as a 1.4% increase in the country-level unemployment rate. Some theories suggest that, overall, inequality can be a good thing: Individuals see others accumulate wealth and are motivated to do the same. While this may happen to a certain extent in some transitional or emerging economies, research shows that, worldwide, income inequality at the top makes us all less happy with our lives, even if we're relatively well-off.

1-6-16 French comics festival marred by sexism row
French comics festival marred by sexism row
A prestigious award for graphic novelists in France is facing calls for a boycott after its long list of nominees failed to include any women. The 42-year-old Grand Prix at Angouleme has long faced criticism for its failure to recognise women cartoonists. This year, a pressure group is calling for a boycott, saying "it is no longer tolerable" that "renowned female creators" are left off the list of 30. At least three male nominees have publicly backed the protest. They have asked for their names to be removed from the list. In its long history, only one woman, Florence Cestac, has ever won the prize.

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Women's Inequality News Articles from 2015 2nd Half