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72 Women's Inequality News Articles
from 2016 2nd Half
Click on the links below to get the full story from its source

12-27-16 Romania President rejects Muslim Sevil Shhaideh as PM
Romania President rejects Muslim Sevil Shhaideh as PM
Romanian President Klaus Iohannis has rejected the prime ministerial candidate nominated by the left-of-centre Social Democrats (PSD). Sevil Shhaideh would have been Romania's first female and Muslim prime minister. President Iohannis has given no reasons for his decision. Ms Shhaideh has been criticised for lacking political experience, only serving once as a regional minister. Analysts say her Syrian husband's background may also have been a factor. In response, PSD leader Liviu Dragnea said his party might consider trying to impeach Mr Iohannis. He said there was no constitutional reason for refusing Ms Shhaideh, and accused Mr Iohannis of wanting "to start a political crisis". The PSD won the parliamentary election earlier this month and hopes to form a coalition.

12-16-16 When ritzy pastimes boost résumés
When ritzy pastimes boost résumés
A high-class hobby like polo or sailing could help land you a job—if you’re a man, said Drake Baer in That’s the “unsavory takeaway” from a new study from Northwestern’s Kellogg School of Management. Researchers sent nearly identical résumés to 316 top law firms; the CVs’ only differences were in candidates’ hobbies and interests. They found that the résumés belonging to men who noted upper-crust hobbies like sailing or classical music received 13 callbacks, while the résumés belonging to women with the same interests received only three. Men with more lowbrow tastes—soccer, country tunes—got just one interview. Many hiring attorneys openly questioned in interviews whether female candidates with high-class hobbies “even wanted the job.” “We thought that social class background would lift all those people regardless of gender,” said study author Lauren Rivera. “That was not the case.”

12-14-16 Women Want Close Relationships at Work
Women Want Close Relationships at Work
Even today, some companies still discourage employees from forming friendships at work. Other organizations go as far as setting strict policies against friendships in the workplace, believing that socialization hinders productivity. This is misguided, particularly when it comes to managing and motivating female employees -- a solid majority of whom value the social aspects of their jobs. The fact is, friendship and employee engagement are closely linked, and employee engagement has a positive impact on business outcomes such as productivity. Organizations need to understand that friendships are important to all employees and that people can have friends at work and still do their jobs well.

  • Some companies still discourage employees from forming friendships at work
  • Two-thirds of women value the social aspects of their jobs
  • Stronger workplace relationships enhance performance

12-14-16 Nigeria Super Falcons march on parliament to demand bonuses
Nigeria Super Falcons march on parliament to demand bonuses
Nigeria Super Falcons march on parliament to demand bonuses. Nigeria's victorious women's football team have protested outside parliament in Abuja over unpaid win bonuses. Their protest coincided with President Muhammadu Buhari's arrival at the National Assembly to present next year's budget. The African champions then marched to President Buhari's villa, where an aide said they would be paid in two days. They have refused to leave a nearby hotel until they receive win bonuses of $17,150 each (£13,500).

12-13-16 New Zealand Massey University head 'sorry' for female graduate remarks
New Zealand Massey University head 'sorry' for female graduate remarks
The chancellor of a New Zealand university appears to have apologised for saying a woman vet was "equivalent to two-fifths" of a man because she would take time out to have a family. He also said men joining the course tended to "find out about booze" in first year, leading to dropouts. But he was later reported saying the information he gave "was not factual". His comments inflamed opinions in the country and some people called for him to resign. In an interview, Chris Kelly said the veterinary field, once a majority-male career, was now "dominated by women". He continued: "That's fine, but the problem is one woman graduate is equivalent to two-fifths of a full-time equivalent vet throughout her life because she gets married and has a family, which is normal. "So, although we're graduating a lot of vets, we're getting a high fall-out rate later on." Critics have pointed out that men also have families and care-giving responsibilities. (Webmaster's comment: The degradation of women just never stops! Insecure inadequate males can't help it. They need to feel superior to something.)

12-9-16 Trump picks Andrew Puzder to lead US Department of Labor
Trump picks Andrew Puzder to lead US Department of Labor
Donald Trump has chosen an anti-regulation fast-food executive, opposed to a higher minimum wage, to lead the US Department of Labor. The president-elect said Andrew Puzder, the latest tycoon added to his cabinet, had a "record fighting for workers". Mr Puzder, chief executive of CKE Restaurants, which operates the Carl's Jr and Hardee's, has often argued a higher minimum wage would kill jobs. The Labor Department regulates wages along with workplace safety. Mr Puzder has criticised a new Labor Department rule aimed at extending overtime pay to more than four million US workers.

12-7-16 100 Women 2016: Stories of period pain and 'manning up' at work
100 Women 2016: Stories of period pain and 'manning up' at work
Churan Zheng, an events organiser, works for a company in China that allows her and her female colleagues to take a day or two a month off if they suffer from period pain. Her praise of menstrual leave - and suggestion that all women should be offered it - prompted a fiery debate among readers. Here is a selection of your experiences and opinions about the idea.

  • 'Man up!' Those who thought women should work through the pain
  • 'Good idea'! Those who thought menstrual leave should be offered

12-6-16 100 Women 2016: The Arab women told 'Girls don't do maths'
100 Women 2016: The Arab women told 'Girls don't do maths'
In some conservative countries in the Arab world, female students are outnumbering men in the fields of science, technology, engineering and maths - widely known as Stem. But after graduation, things change. Arab women represent only one fifth of the workforce in Stem. The BBC 100 Women 2016 team met three Arab women who fought sexism in their maths careers, and they tell us how women can reverse the gender gap in these fields.

12-5-16 Lazy coders are training artificial intelligences to be sexist
Lazy coders are training artificial intelligences to be sexist
Machines are only a reflection of culture – and a mix of linguistics and laziness encourages them to pick up our prejudices. Employers: do the ladies on your payroll have any “female weaknesses” that would make them mentally or physically unfit for the job? The question comes to you courtesy of the year 1943. It was posed in a guide to hiring women, written for the flummoxed male supervisors at Transportation Magazine tasked with integrating a new female workforce during a wartime shortage of manpower. Back then, you wouldn’t be surprised to see logical reasoning like “Men are to programmers as women are to homemakers”. Or “Men are to surgeons what women are to nurses”. Or “Men are bosses. Women are receptionists”. But to have these associations littering software in 2016? That’s exactly what Adam Kalai at Microsoft Research and his colleagues found in a paper presented last month at the Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency in Machine Learning workshop in New York City. The group let a data mining algorithm loose on Google news articles, where it examined the word associations it found there. When they scoured the associations it had come up with, they discovered a trove of familiar stereotypes coded into occupations, with some weighed heavily as either masculine or feminine. The sexism was straight out of the 1943 playbook, with jobs ranked as male including philosopher, captain, warrior and boss. The top jobs on the “she” end of the spectrum? Homemaker, nurse and receptionist.

12-3-16 Viewpoint: 'Why every woman should be offered menstrual leave'
Viewpoint: 'Why every woman should be offered menstrual leave'
Several provinces in China now have laws in place to ensure women can take a day or two a month off work if they suffer from period pain. Events organiser Churan Zheng regularly takes menstrual leave, and says it is an essential option for every woman. I suffer from severe period pain and every month post a picture on my social media accounts showing a woman tied to an invisible cross with arrows stuck into her stomach. It always get a lot of "likes" because it vividly visualises what many women suffer during their period. I always get a heavy feeling and stomach cramps the night before my period starts. And when I wake up, the pain that accompanies the menstruation is so unbearable that I always imagine myself grabbing my intestines and tearing them out of my body, or cutting them out with a pair of scissors. I feel like vomiting. Ever since I left university and started work I have taken painkillers almost every month but the drugs make me feel tired and sleepy. I need hot water bottles as well in order to battle the pain. It's often difficult during these times for me to concentrate on my work, which makes me curse my gender.

12-1-16 Moral consensus: a CEO should earn five times what workers get
Moral consensus: a CEO should earn five times what workers get
In many nations there is a universal desire for a narrower pay gap between executives and workers. No wonder the reality is so toxic, says Michael Norton. Among the issues fuelling political upheaval at the moment is the gap between bosses’ and workers’ pay. Leaders, including the UK’s prime minister Theresa May, are busy grappling with this. The past five years have seen a groundswell of concern in many parts of the world over the divide between rich and poor. They include the Spanish Indignados movement and Occupy Wall Street in 2011, a 2013 Swiss referendum to cap CEO pay at 12 times that of the lowest paid workers (which was unsuccessful), and ongoing protests in various countries that the system is “rigged” in favour of the wealthy. So how large should the pay gap be? There are countless approaches to try to answer this, from exploring how wage gaps affect productivity and economic growth to assessing how larger gaps affect generalised trust in government and financial institutions. My colleague Sorapop Kiatpongsan and I took a different approach, one rooted in psychology: we wanted to find out what people felt the ideal pay gap should be. This would give us a sense of how they weigh up what is morally acceptable, and perhaps explain public anger.

12-1-16 Mexican women urge men to boycott all-male forums
Mexican women urge men to boycott all-male forums
A group of young Mexican women has created a manifesto asking men not to take part in panels or conferences where there is not a single female speaker. Con Nosotras, meaning With Us (women), was launched this week in the country's second-largest city, Guadalajara. Their one-page declaration [in Spanish] also asks institutions and organisations to commit to making more women's voices heard at events, from public debates to round-table discussions. "To take into account only a male viewpoint on issues that concern us all, abuses, discriminates and perpetuates inequality," concludes the pledge. "This is not about setting quotas," said one of the 14 co-founders, Claudia Ramirez, adding it was more about tackling the shortage of voices in areas "that have always been culturally occupied by men". The group, who are all in their 20s, said they were also motivated to

11-30-16 What Strengths Tell Us About Men and Women
What Strengths Tell Us About Men and Women
Are men and women really different? This is an age-old debate. In Gallup's report, Women in America: Work and Life Well-Lived, we examine the answer to this question by looking at men's and women's talents and strengths. All people have a unique combination of talents, knowledge and skills -- strengths -- that they use every day to do their work, achieve their goals and interact with others. Gallup has been studying the science of strengths for five decades, and we have accumulated data from more than 14 million individuals worldwide who have completed the CliftonStrengths assessment. We have found that when people understand and apply their strengths, the effect on their lives and work is transformational. Individuals who use their strengths every day are three times more likely to say they have an excellent quality of life. Workers who receive strengths feedback have higher levels of employee engagement and performance, and they are less likely than other employees to leave their organizations. As leaders and managers, when you think about strengths in the context of employee development, remember that strengths are individualized -- each person has unique talents and strengths. However, Gallup's aggregated CliftonStrengths data can help paint a picture of general strengths profiles for men and women.

  • Women and men share four of five top CliftonStrengths themes
  • Women rank higher than men in certain Relationship Building themes
  • The best companies give all employees the tools to develop their strengths

11-30-16 India's currency crisis has taken a devastating toll on women
India's currency crisis has taken a devastating toll on women
On the evening of Nov. 8, after neighborhood shops had closed and ATMs had locked up, the prime minister of India announced that 500 and 1,000 rupee currency notes would no longer be legal tender, effective at the stroke of midnight. In one fell swoop, Narendra Modi deemed 86 percent of the cash circulating in India "worthless scraps of paper." The "surgical strike" on money, intended to curb the use of so-called black money and crack down on tax evaders, sent a shockwave through the Indian economy and exposed one of its most pervasive problems: the exclusion of women from the formal banking sector. India's cash economy thrives on two overarching problems — middle- and upper-class earners accept cash payments to avoid paying income tax, and those at the bottom of the pyramid lack access to formal banking institutions. Two weeks after the announcement, a group of women sat wearily outside a State Bank of India ATM in south Delhi. They had traveled for an entire day from the city outskirts to open an account and exchange their old currency notes, only to find a sign outside every bank stating they were only accepting deposits from existing customers.

11-30-16 Prince Alwaleed says women driving ban hurts Saudi economy
Prince Alwaleed says women driving ban hurts Saudi economy
An influential Saudi prince, the billionaire investor Alwaleed bin Talal, has called on his country to lift its ban on women driving cars. He said it was a matter of economic necessity as well as women's rights to lift restrictions. Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world where women are not allowed to drive, and women's rights activists have been arrested for defying the ban. "It is high time that Saudi women started driving their cars", he said. Prince Alwaleed is an outspoken member of the Saudi royal family who has criticised the restriction of women's right in the country before.

11-29-16 100 Women 2016: Santander boss Shriti Vadera on sexism in banking
100 Women 2016: Santander boss Shriti Vadera on sexism in banking
Shriti Vadera, chair of Santander UK, is the first woman to chair a major British bank. She tells Laura Kuenssberg what it takes to reach the top of British banking when you're told you don't "look like what our clients expect to see".

11-16-16 Women Lead Men on Key Workplace Engagement Measures
Women Lead Men on Key Workplace Engagement Measures
Gender diversity strengthens a company's financial performance. Research from Gallup and many other organizations demonstrates this. Women bring distinctive viewpoints, ideas and insights to the workplace, and diverse perspectives lead to superior performance at the business-unit level. Women bring another valuable advantage to their employers -- higher levels of employee engagement. Engaged employees are involved in, enthusiastic about and committed to their work. These employees contribute to their organization positively. Gallup has found concrete links between employee engagement and crucial performance measures, including absenteeism, turnover rates, productivity and profit.

  • Women lead men on most engagement items
  • Female managers' teams are more engaged
  • Companies should strive to hire and develop more female managers
  • 32% of all employees are engaged
  • 35% of female employees are engaged
  • 29% of male employees are engaged
  • 41% of female managers are engaged
  • 35% of male managers are engaged

11-15-16 Was college coeducation actually a setback for feminism?
Was college coeducation actually a setback for feminism?
The men who brought coeducation to previously all-male institutions were acting in their own self-interest. The 1960s witnessed a major shift in higher education in the Anglo-American world, which saw university life upended and reshaped in profoundly important ways: in the composition of student bodies and faculties; structures of governance; ways of doing institutional business; and relationships to the public issues of the day. Coeducation was one of those changes. But neither its causes nor its consequences were what one might expect. Beginning in 1969, and mostly ending in 1974, there was a flood of decisions in favor of coeducation in the United States and the United Kingdom. Harvard, Yale, and Princeton in the U.S.; Churchill, Clare, and King's at Cambridge; Brasenose, Hertford, Jesus, St Catherine's, and Wadham at Oxford — many of the most traditional, elite, and prestigious men's colleges and universities suddenly welcomed women to their undergraduate student bodies. However, as I argue in Keep the Damned Women Out: The Struggle for Coeducation (2016), this was not the result of women banding together to demand opportunity, press for access, or win rights and privileges previously reserved for men. As appealing as it might be to imagine the coming of coeducation as one element in the full flowering of mid- to late-20th-century feminism, such a narrative would be at odds with the historical record. Coeducation resulted not from organized efforts by women activists, but from strategic decisions made by powerful men. Their purpose, in the main, was not to benefit college women, but to improve the opportunities and educational experiences of college men.

11-7-16 The engineering gap
The engineering gap
When Dawn Bonfield, the former chief executive of the Women's Engineering Society, ran a stand recently at a big military airshow, she was in for a shock. There were around 900 Brownies amongst the crowd and Ms Bonfield recounts, "I'm saying to all these girls, 'Do you know about engineering, would you like to be an engineer, have you thought about engineering?' "And in the whole day... probably five or six of them said yes. Every other one said no, just straight out no." What surprised her most, she says, is that it wasn't that these eight and nine-year-old girls didn't know what engineering was. Simply that they had already switched off. "So how much work does it take to change that?" asks Ms Bonfield. "I mean it's huge."

11-4-16 Blame the woman, protect the man!
Blame the woman, protect the man!
Eighty percent of news stories written about a female CEO leading a company involved in a crisis place the blame on the woman, compared with 31 percent for male CEOs, according to a recent analysis by the Rockefeller Foundation. Male CEOs also receive better coverage for their handling of crises, with 25 percent receiving positive coverage, compared with 20 percent for female CEOs.

11-2-16 Gender Pay Gap: Two Key Causes
Gender Pay Gap: Two Key Causes
The gender pay gap is one of the most controversial topics related to women and work. No single explanation can account for the differences in men's and women's paychecks. In Gallup's report, Women in America: Work and Life Well-Lived, we chose to focus on two underlying reasons for the gender pay gap: hours worked and perceptions of hours worked. In jobs where employees are promoted and rewarded based on the actual or seeming number of hours they clock, men have the advantage. (Webmaster's comment: But don't forget the main cause! Many men simply think men are superior to women! They have been taught this since they were born by their parents, their schools, their religion, and their culture.)

  • Reasons for gender pay gap: hours worked and perceptions of hours worked
  • Base performance management on outcomes, not hours
  • Create a flexible work culture

10-28-16 Where women are being underpaid
Where women are being underpaid
The Czech Republic is taking only baby steps toward women’s equality, said Ondrej Houska. In some European countries, employees get to see the salaries of their colleagues, so women know whether they are making significantly less than their male counterparts, and can use that information to ask for a raise. Not so here. Czech men earn nearly 25 percent more than women in comparable positions—the third-largest wage gap in Europe. Labor Minister Michaela Marksova is now acting on this disparity, but only incrementally. She proposes that each firm with more than 50 employees disclose its average salary for each position. This small measure is not mandatory, only recommended. Marksova says the country needs time to become aware of the concept of gender parity before any mandates are imposed. There’s no way, she insists, that she could get the Czech legislature to back a German-style law forcing companies to disclose salaries. “Czech society can’t handle discussions of women’s inequality,” she says. “Among older men, the subject is still taboo. And older men dominate Parliament.” Indeed, even her modest proposal has outraged some of the older men who run the Czech Republic’s largest companies. At least one CEO has already said he “probably won’t respect” the new guidelines.

10-26-16 Women work 39 days a year more than men, report says
Women work 39 days a year more than men, report says
Women work on average 39 more days a year than men according to the World Economic Forum. Women work on average 50 minutes more a day than men, data from the WEF's Global Gender Gap report suggests. The report says the prevalence of unpaid work burdens women and estimates that economic inequalities between the sexes could take 170 years to close. The gap in economic opportunity, the WEF says, is now larger than at any point since 2008. Nearly a quarter of a billion women have entered the global workforce over the past decade, the report says. Although men do 34% more paid work than women, women still spend more of their time on unpaid work such as housework, childcare and care for older people. When this is factored in, the WEF calculates women work more than a month more than men per year.

Extra minutes worked by women per day compared to men

10-26-16 Reality and Perception: Why Men Are Paid More
Reality and Perception: Why Men Are Paid More
The gender pay gap is one of the most controversial topics related to women and work. Though less pronounced than in the past, the pay gap still exists and has barely budged in over a decade. Estimates of the gender pay gap and the methodology behind it vary, but all essentially reach the same conclusion: Women earn less than men. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimates that full-time working women make 83% of what full-time working men make. The U.S. Census Bureau reports that women who hold full-time jobs earn 79 cents for every dollar that men with full-time jobs earn. The gap is even more pronounced for African-American and Latina women, who earn 64 cents and 56 cents, respectively, for every dollar that white, non-Hispanic men earn.

  • Men report working more hours per week than women do
  • Perceptions of hours worked can influence pay
  • There's a wide range of approaches to evaluating and compensating time

10-24-16 Haji Ali: Mumbai shrine tells court it will allow entry to women
Haji Ali: Mumbai shrine tells court it will allow entry to women
The trust that runs Mumbai's Haji Ali mosque told the Supreme Court it will rescind a ban on women entering the shrine as ordered by the high court. The high court in August said the ban "violated the constitution" and was discriminatory towards women. The ban was imposed in 2012 - the trust said it was a "sin" to allow women to touch the tombs of male saints. Women's activists campaigning to enter the shrine have described Monday's development as a "huge victory".

10-14-16 Black US doctor's anger at Delta Air Lines 'snub'
Black US doctor's anger at Delta Air Lines 'snub'
A black doctor was left frustrated after her credentials were questioned when she tried to help a patient on an internal US flight. Dr Tamika Cross, an obstetrician-gynaecologist, said a Delta Air Lines crew member told her: "Oh no sweetie, put your hand down, we are looking for actual physicians." Her Facebook post about her treatment has been shared more than 35,000 times. Delta has said it will investigate the incident. "I'm sure many of my fellow young, corporate America working women of colour can all understand my frustration when I say I'm sick of being disrespected," wrote Dr Cross, a resident physician at the University of Texas Health Science Centre in Houston.

10-14-16 Women are Better Board Members
Women are Better Better Board Members
Despite data showing that companies with a high percentage of female board directors routinely outperform their peers, a recent survey found that just 24 percent of male directors believe board diversity improves a company’s performance. Eighty-nine percent of female directors believe that it does.

10-14-16 Why moms might be the best workers
Why moms might be the best workers
“Kids, it seems, are the ultimate efficiency hack,” said Jenny Anderson in Despite the fact that women with children receive 10 to 15 percent less pay than peers without kids, a working paper from the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis suggests parents are actually the superior performers. The study, which looked at the published work of nearly 10,000 economists, found that women with children produced more work than their childless colleagues “at nearly every stage” of a typical 30-year career. This proved to be true despite dips in productivity of 15 to 17 per­cent while raising toddlers, compared with those with no kids. But the women studied made up for that lost output “by being hyperproductive” before having children and then again while they were growing. The crash course in extreme multitasking that comes with kids probably doesn’t hurt, either.

10-13-16 US Election 2016: #repealthe19th tweets urge US women to be denied vote
US Election 2016: #repealthe19th tweets urge US women to be denied vote
Calls for women to be denied their right to vote have trended on Twitter as polls suggested Donald Trump would win if only men could cast ballots in next month's White House election. The Republican nominee's supporters were accused of tweeting #repealthe19th - a reference to the US constitutional amendment granting women's suffrage less than 100 years ago. The hashtag went viral after polls suggested Mr Trump would win election if only men cast ballots. Mr Trump has struggled to win over female voters, especially since a recent tape emerged of his sexually aggressive boasts. The hashtag began trending after FiveThirtyEight, a political number-crunching blog, tweeted two polls which showed what the outcome of the presidential election would be if only women voted, and if only men voted. He found that if the election only counted the female vote, Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton would win the presidency with 458 electoral votes and Mr Trump a meagre 80. If only men voted in the presidential election, Mr Trump would win the election with 350 electoral votes and Mrs Clinton only 188. A candidate must win 270 electoral votes to win the presidency. (Webmaster's comment: This is a movement supported by conservatives. Who else would?)

10-13-16 The empowering story of America's first all-female government
The empowering story of America's first all-female government
In 1916, a group of women, fed up with how men were running their small Oregon town, decided do something about it. Ep. 17: The empowering story of America's first all-female government.

10-12-16 Are Women Buying Your Workplace?
Are Women Buying Your Workplace?
For many women, the idea of staying with a company for a long time simply because it provides a paycheck and benefits is unrealistic and unappealing. In Gallup's latest report, Women in America: Work and Life Well-Lived, research shows that while income is important, women want more out of a job. They are consumers of the workplace and will shop around for the role that best fits them and their lives. Women have to want what organizations are selling. More than ever, employers need to know and act on the factors that make their company appealing to women. They have to make it easy for prospects to choose them over the competition.

  • Staying with a company just for paychecks and benefits isn't appealing
  • Important in a job search: fit, flexibility and stability
  • Women want their work to matter and to have meaning

10-12-16 'Man Tax': The shop where men pay 7% more
'Man Tax': The shop where men pay 7% more
A New York pharmacy has been on the receiving end of a backlash after announcing a new store policy that "all male customers are subject to a 7% Man Tax". The unofficial levy was announced in the window of Thompson Chemists in the Soho district of Manhattan on Monday, alongside another sign declaring that "all female customers shop tax free". The move has triggered a passionate debate on Reddit and Facebook, fuelled by an image of the independent shop's window, which has been viewed several hundred thousand times on the photo sharing site Imgur. An employee of Thompson Chemists confirmed to BBC Trending that the new policy was to highlight instances of gender pricing discrepancy. It follows a study conducted by the New York City Department of Consumer Affairs which found that on average "women's products cost 7% more than similar products for men." The gender price gap was even greater when it came to adult clothes and personal care products. The pharmacy's owner Jolie Alony told the Gothamist website that the man tax was a way of drawing attention to that. "We want to bring awareness on how it feels to be a woman, so the men actually get to feel it," she said. (Webmaster's comment: It is reverse sexism but it makes a point.)

10-11-16 Greater equality in science will take more than Ada Lovelace Day
Greater equality in science will take more than Ada Lovelace Day
Ada Lovelace has become a figurehead of efforts to tackle gender bias in science and technology, but this will take more than role models, says Shannon Palus. In the beginning, the whole coding scene consisted of one woman. In the 1800s, the story goes, an aristocrat named Ada Lovelace was studying maths with inventor Charles Babbage, who had built a machine that could perform calculations – what we’d call a computer. Lovelace came up with a series of commands for the machine: the first computer program. Now, in celebration of this, the second Tuesday of every October is Ada Lovelace Day. It’s not surprising that this has spiralled to become the most symbolic day for women working in science, maths and engineering, with Lovelace a figurehead for ongoing attempts to close a worrying gender gap in those fields. It’s no secret that her field has bloomed and matured to have a stark male-female divide. Interest in the area grew rapidly in the 1980s thanks to the advent of the personal computer, but the proportion of women studying it has been declining since. Today, less than 20 per cent of computer science majors in US colleges are women, compared with 40 per cent in 1984. The situation is almost identical in the UK. You can find a similar chasm in physics and some engineering fields. But is using Lovelace as a figurehead really going to address this divide?

10-7-16 Girls spend 40% more time on chores than boys, UN report finds
Girls spend 40% more time on chores than boys, UN report finds
Girls spend 40% more time performing unpaid household chores than boys, according to a new report from the UN children's agency. Unicef said the difference in time spent working amounted to 160 million extra hours a day worldwide. Two out of three girls cook and clean in the home, and almost half collect water or firewood. They also perform more "less visible" domestic work like childcare or looking after the elderly, the report says. It also found that the extra workload increased with time: between ages five and nine, girls spend 30% more time on chores - by 14, it rises to 50%. Tasks such as gathering water or firewood can also put young girls at increased risk of sexual violence, the report says.

10-7-16 Happy wife, healthy life
Happy wife, healthy life
New research adds credibility to the old saying “Happy wife, happy life,” suggesting that men and women with happy spouses are not only happier but also healthier. For the study, researchers analyzed data compiled on nearly 2,000 middle-aged, heterosexual couples whose happiness and physical health were tracked for 6 years. They found that those whose spouses had a positive outlook were 34 percent more likely to be healthy, exercise regularly and eat healthfully, and have positive outlooks themselves. Those with a pessimistic partner, on the other hand, had more health issues and were less physically active. Why? The researchers speculate that when one member of a couple adopts good lifestyle habits, that person encourages his or her spouse to do the same. Spouses with a positive outlook also cause less stress in the relationship, the study’s lead author, William Chopik, tells “Simply having a happy partner,” he said, “may enhance health as much as striving to be happy oneself.”

10-5-16 Women, Work and Life Well-Lived
Women, Work and Life Well-Lived
The workplace is changing at a faster pace than I have seen in three decades of working outside the home. The standard for how work gets done is vastly different than it was even 10 or 15 years ago. Several factors have influenced the changes in today's workplace, including a new generation of workers and an increasingly global, virtual and contingent labor force. It takes an exceptional workplace to create a culture that consistently gives employees the flexibility to integrate their jobs and their home lives. Gallup has studied women in the workplace for over 50 years. Our Women in America: Work and Life Well-Lived report is about women, but it is also about men, families, friends, businesses, the economy and our society. The discussion, however, starts with women in the workplace. We have consistently found that the majority of working mothers would prefer to stay at home and take care of their house and family. Our latest data find that among mothers who are currently employed either full or part time, 54% would prefer to stay home, and 40% say they would prefer to work outside the home. We are learning why women leave the workforce. In most cases, the love and responsibility they feel for their children and families trumps even their best days at the office. When organizations lack flexibility and use outdated standards to reward and recognize performance, they make staying at home an even more attractive option for women. But most women need to work. Whether it is financial, social or emotional, work provides a positive outlet for women in some capacity. In the U.S., there are 73.5 million women in the workforce. These women have their own stories about why, how, when and where they work. Among them, there is considerable variance in what work is and can be.

10-3-16 Closing the wage gap would help rich women vastly more than poor women
Closing the wage gap would help rich women vastly more than poor women
liberal circles, the wage gap between men and women is a major focus of attention. President Obama references it frequently, and Hillary Clinton has unsurprisingly made it a major campaign plank. Typically, the wage gap is presented as a median value — the difference between men and women right at the 50th percentile of the income distribution. And since the Census Bureau just released the Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) for its Current Population Survey (which contains detailed income data for 2015), it's a good time to check in and see how the wage gap is doing. It turns out that in 2015, the median woman made 80 cents for every dollar the median man made. It's a problem that has been improving, but with grinding slowness. However, the median measure does not reveal how the wage gap breaks down across the income distribution. It might vary between rich and poor — and when you run the numbers, it turns out it does. The wage gap is substantially smaller at the bottom of the income distribution than the top, both in percentage and absolute terms. That means potential intra-left conflict between meritocrats, who would close the wage gap, and egalitarians, who would close it while also flattening the overall distribution.

Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Men and Women Workers by Percentile (2015)

9-26-16 Meet 'easyJet's youngest female airline captain' - 26-year-old Kate McWilliams
Meet 'easyJet's youngest female airline captain' - 26-year-old Kate McWilliams
If Kate McWilliams got a penny every time someone asked how old she was she would be on to a good thing. easyJet says the 26-year-old is their youngest ever commercial female airline captain. She flies to around 100 destinations across the world and says most people "are pleasantly surprised and impressed" when she tells them her age. Last year the airline company announced a plan to increase its number of female pilots.

9-23-16 Essendon's Jobe Watson's returns to AFL with 'feminist' cap
Essendon's Jobe Watson's returns to AFL with 'feminist' cap
A baseball cap emblazoned with the word "Feminist" has become the talking point of the return of a champion Aussie Rules player. Former Essendon captain Jobe Watson has spent the last year in hiatus working as a barista in a New York cafe. He was one of 34 players suspended for 12 months after taking a banned performance-enhancing drug. Two revelations came out of his Friday morning news conference: his return to AFL and pro-feminist stance. The choice of headwear sparked initial confusion from sports reporters, some of whom questioned whether he knew what it meant. "Whether Jobe was plugging the brand, making a statement or just liked the cap itself is yet to be determined," Fox Sports said. But he later said the fashion statement was inspired by his New York flatmate, Jackie Funder, an investment-banking executive and supporter of workplace equality.

9-22-16 Mexico town women vote locally for first time
Mexico town women vote locally for first time
Women in a community in southern Mexico have voted in local elections for the first time, after winning a three-year battle for the right to choose a mayor and councillors alongside their male relatives. Women have had the vote in Mexican presidential, general and regional elections since 1953, but the persistence of traditional law in parts of Oaxaca state means many towns have men-only voter lists for local polls, El Universal newspaper reports. But in 2013, a group of 11 women in the town of Guevea de Humboldt successfully challenged the law in a regional electoral court. Oaxaca's state assembly decided against re-running that year's election because of "local conflicts", Reforma newspaper says. Instead it appointed an interim administration, and fresh elections were finally announced for this week.

9-16-16 Film studio Fox seeks female blockbuster directors
Film studio Fox seeks female blockbuster directors
Film studio 20th Century Fox has teamed up with the American Film Institute (AFI) for a scheme to find more women to direct major movies. The studio will invite female directors to make short films based on its franchises, which include the X-Men, Alien and Die Hard series. Fox says that will give the film-makers the chance to showcase their talents. Recent figures showed that just 4.1% of the directors of the top films of the last eight years were women. Female directors are also less likely to be appointed to big-budget films - a separate survey found that films with female directors between 2010-15 had an average budget of $12.6m (£9.6m), compared with $34.1m (£25.6m) for male directors.

9-15-16 11 questions employers should never ask job applicants
11 questions employers should never ask job applicants
A basic rule of thumb is that all questions need to be job-related. For a start, anything that touches on age, race, gender, religion, marital status, and sexual orientation are not okay. Here's a look at 11 red-flag inquiries:

  1. "How old are you?"
  2. "Are you married?"
  3. "What religious holidays do you celebrate?"
  4. "How's your health?"
  5. "What's your race?"
  6. "What country are you from?"
  7. "Have you ever been arrested?"
  8. "Have you ever used drugs in the past?"
  9. "Do you like to drink socially?"
  10. "Have you ever filed for bankruptcy?"
  11. "What type of discharge did you receive in the military?"

9-14-16 'Shine theory': How women are plugging the gender gap
'Shine theory': How women are plugging the gender gap
Women aides to Barack Obama are making their voices heard in the White House. Female aides to US President Barack Obama have come up with a winning strategy for making their voices heard in the White House. Women officials told the Washington Post that after elbowing their way into presidential gatherings they began using "amplification" to influence decision-making. This involves repeating each other's suggestions to ensure that they were being heard and crediting one another to prevent others claiming the ideas as their own. "We just started doing it, and made a purpose of doing it," one former aide to Mr Obama said. "It was an everyday thing."

9-13-16 Few Employees Believe in Their Company's Values
Few Employees Believe in Their Company's Values
Just 23% of U.S. employees strongly agree that they can apply their organization's values to their work every day, according to Gallup, and only 27% strongly agree that they "believe in" their organization's values. These findings should be alarming to leaders, as they raise fundamental questions about whether workers buy into their company's values and culture -- or what leaders say their company's values and culture are.

  • The most useful definitions of culture are simple and actionable
  • There's often a gap between company's ideal and actual culture
  • Cultures need to be clearly defined, quantified and intentionally managed

9-13-16 What will the browning of America do to the female workforce?
What will the browning of America do to the female workforce?
By the end of the decade, the U.S. Census projects that a majority of children under 18 will be non-white; by 2043, non-whites will be a majority of the American population. Much of that growth will come from Latinos. Currently America's largest minority at about 17 percent of the population, they are expected to increase that share to perhaps 29 percent by 2050. This will have huge social effects on everything from language to business. But one overlooked area is on the ratio of women in the workforce. That's because Latinos and other non-white, non-black groups tend to have a more traditional family structure, where the mother stays at home. In fact, this trend is already having a massive effect on the overall female labor force participation rate — i.e. the percentage of women who are either employed or looking for work. To find out by how much, let's walk through a few numbers.

9-10-16 US election: Hillary Clinton opens up about sexism battles
US election: Hillary Clinton opens up about sexism battles
Hillary Clinton has said she was singled out as one of the only women applying to go to Harvard law school. In a personal interview with blog Humans of New York, she said she was told at the admissions exam she should forfeit her place so a man would not be drafted and sent to Vietnam. She also revealed that as a young woman she learned to "control her emotions". The Democratic candidate was criticised this week by the Republican party chairman for not smiling enough.

Trump's Woman Card
"To qualify for this card all you have to do is SMILE and look pretty!"

Trump's Woman Card ''To qualify for this card all you have to do is SMILE and look pretty!''

9-9-16 How not to fix the pay gap
How not to fix the pay gap
A new idea for closing the gender wage gap seems sure to backfire, said Catherine Rampell. Last month, Massachusetts barred employers from asking job applicants about their salary history; Democrats in Congress hope to introduce similar national legislation. Because women consistently earn less than men, the thinking goes, using past salaries as a baseline for a new offer perpetuates inequity. But once “you think it through, this logic starts to unravel.” First, even brand-new workers face a gender gap in pay. Whether this is caused by discrimination or women’s reluctance to negotiate isn’t clear, but it seems unlikely those factors would disappear “in later job hopping.” Second, previous attempts to prohibit employers from asking certain questions have hurt the same applicants they were intended to protect. Studies show that laws making it illegal to ask if applicants have a criminal record don’t help ex-offenders get work, and instead reduce employment for black and Hispanic men without records because employers make “pernicious assumptions” based on race. That’s illegal, of course, but hard to police. It’s easy to imagine something similar happening with salary, with companies lowballing female applicants. If policymakers really want to close the wage gap, “they should focus on making salary information more transparent, not less.”

9-9-16 Men get 25% more
Men get 25% more
Women ask for raises about as often as men, according to new study of Australian workplaces that upends conventional wisdom that female employees are less aggressive about seeking pay increases. But men in the study were 25 percent more likely to receive a raise when they asked for one.

9-7-16 Hollywood inequality is 'entrenched', study suggests
Hollywood inequality is 'entrenched', study suggests
Inequality is "entrenched" in Hollywood, with women, minorities and LGBT people among those excluded, a new study has suggested. The University of Southern California's report showed that women had just 31.4% of spoken roles in 2015's top 100 films, compared with 32.8% in 2008. Lesbian, gay or transgender characters accounted for less than 1% of speaking parts - or 32 out of 35,205 characters. Researchers described Hollywood as "an epicentre of cultural inequality". They said little progress had been made in increasing diversity. Between 2007, when the study was first carried out, and 2015, the authors said there has been no marked change in the proportion of black, Latino or Asian characters - at 12.2%, 5.3% and 3.9% respectively.

9-6-16 Amy Schumer: Anyone who is not a feminist is insane
Amy Schumer: Anyone who is not a feminist is insane
US comedian Amy Schumer has described anyone who is not a feminist as an "insane person". She was speaking in an interview with BBC Newsnight's Emily Maitlis which will air later on Tuesday. "I think anyone who is not a feminist is an insane person. I think they don't know what feminism means," she said. (Webmaster's comment: A feminist advocates or supports the rights and equality of women. Women have equal rights because they are human beings.)

8-30-16 Do women and men want different business advice?
Do women and men want different business advice?
"We feel empowered by seeing women giving business advice, it feels real, it feels relatable," says Louie Tew, part of a team of three female designers who are in the midst of setting up their dream online wedding business, TH&TH. "We have been spoken to in patronising tones when pitching ideas and explaining our business model. We have been met with the attitude that what we are doing should be treated as a hobby." The team has worked in the fashion industry for more than a decade, but the first 10 months of their business venture has taken its toll. "Two of us are new mothers," explains Louie Tew. "We've been changing nappies whilst on the line to Chinese banks, running our business from our smartphones, meeting with clients with newborns in arms." Even though she thinks advice from male entrepreneurs can also be useful, she draws particular inspiration from hearing tales about how "specific gender pressures" have been overcome by women who have reached the top.

8-25-16 Is your doctor a woman? She's probably being paid less.
Is your doctor a woman? She's probably being paid less.
w much does a doctor earn? You might think the answer is obvious: "A lot." But physician compensation varies widely depending on specialty and where the doctor practices. And even when you adjust for all of those factors, there's a variable that dictates the answer to that question: gender. That's not exactly news — according to the U.S. Department of Labor, women earn about 83 cents to every man's dollar. And in medicine, despite the fact that 47.8 percent of the people graduating with medical degrees in 2015 were women, a similar wage gap persists. The gender gap in medicine is so pervasive that it's gotten the attention of professional societies and academic journals. Just this month, Academic Medicine, the journal of the American Association of Academic Medical Colleges, published an entire special issue devoted to women in medicine, uncovering a host of disparities.

8-20-16 We need to talk about America's unpaid work problem
We need to talk about America's unpaid work problem
Women are shouldering most of this heavy burden. Unpaid work — the work upon which all other economic activity is built — was not mentioned in the keynotes of the Democratic or Republican National Conventions. It will probably not be mentioned much, if at all, between now and November. But now — as we ready for a shift in administrations and the alignment of America's parties and politics — is the time for us to talk about what it means when so much labor in this country is unpaid and undervalued. Why? Because unpaid work has yet to be claimed by Democrats or Republicans, and so has the potential to be understood as pre-partisan, a universal issue that all of us can get behind. But what exactly constitutes unpaid work? Many people don't know. Loosely defined, unpaid work is any type of activity or service that, on the "productive" market, would have a value. Staying at home to take care of an infant rather than placing them in child care; caring for an elderly or sick family member instead of paying a caregiver; cleaning the house rather than paying for a cleaning service — the tasks you could, and citizens of sufficient means do, outsource. Unpaid work makes work possible.

8-16-16 Ban Ki-moon: 'High time' the UN had a female leader
Ban Ki-moon: 'High time' the UN had a female leader
The secretary-general of the United Nations has said he would like a woman to take over from him. Ban Ki-moon said it was "high time" for a female head, after more than 70 years of the UN and eight male leaders. Of the 11 candidates in the running to take up the post, five are women. The secretary-general must be recommended by the 15 countries that make up the UN Security Council and elected by the 193 countries in the General Assembly. A new secretary-general is expected to be announced in the autumn. By tradition the role rotates between regions of the world.

8-15-16 South Korea gaming: How a T-shirt cost an actress her job
South Korea gaming: How a T-shirt cost an actress her job
Kim Jayeon could not have expected that a tweet would have cost her her job. The "Gamergate" controversy which roiled the world of video gaming has hit a new level. The name was coined as a row over whether Western gamers were mostly male and anti-women. Now, a similar row is rocking South Korea, arguably the country with the strongest culture of gaming in the world. As the BBC's Steve Evans reports from Seoul, it all started with a slogan on a T-shirt. On the face of it, the slogan "Girls do not need a prince" doesn't seem that controversial. In many parts of the world, it would pass as the kind of thing any young woman might wear without prompting a second look. But when the actress, Kim Jayeon, tweeted a photograph of herself wearing the garment, she generated a storm and lost herself a job.

8-15-16 One of the biggest crime waves in America isn't what you think it is
One of the biggest crime waves in America isn't what you think it is
In dollar terms, what group of Americans steals the most from their fellow citizens each year? The answer might surprise you: It's employers, many of whom are committing what's known as wage theft. It's not just about underpaying workers. They're not paying workers what they're legally owed for the labor they put in. It takes different forms: not paying workers the federal, state, or local minimum wage; not paying them overtime; or just monkeying around with job titles to avoid regulations. No one knows exactly how big a problem wage theft is, but in 2012 federal and state agencies recovered $933 million for victims of wage theft. By comparison, all the property taken in all the thefts and robberies of all types in 2012, solved or unsolved, amounted to a little under $341 million.

8-12-16 Equality may be reached by 2030
Equality may be reached by 2030
Forty-five percent of athletes at the Rio Olympics are women—the highest proportion ever. When women first entered the Olympics, in 1900, they represented just 2.2 percent of competitors.

8-11-16 Young Women's Life Experiences Improve With Full-Time Jobs
Young Women's Life Experiences Improve With Full-Time Jobs
Finding decent work can be a life-changing experience. Gallup research shows worldwide, men and women tend to rate their lives and many of their experiences better when they have full-time work. This has important implications for the world's young people -- more than 73 million of whom are looking for jobs -- and particularly for young women, who are more likely than young men to be out of the workforce. "We know that investing today in the employment of young people means investing in the present and future of our societies. Sustainable development needs to be about the quantity and quality of jobs. In a world of work undergoing profound changes, our challenge is to continuously find new and innovative solutions as we look into the future of work," Guy Ryder, the ILO Director-General, remarked in early June at the World of Work Summit, which focused on how to shape the future of work for youth.

8-5-16 Women CEOs and the glass cliff
Women CEOs and the glass cliff
Marissa Mayer’s time at Yahoo shows the corner office is still a hostile place for women, said Suzanne McGee. With Verizon’s acquisition of the internet pioneer, it seems inevitable that Mayer will step down as CEO. In one of her first interviews after news of the sale broke, Mayer vented her frustration with the media’s “gender-charged reporting” of her tenure, like the fixation on her two pregnancies. But beyond the unique scrutiny female leaders endure, research also shows that they’re underpaid for their efforts and disproportionately punished for their failings. A study by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York found that for every $1 million increase in business, a male CEO received an extra $17,150 in incentive compensation, but a female CEO got just $1,670. Similarly, a 1 percent decline in the value of the company meant a female CEO’s pay fell by 63 percent; that of a male CEO dropped by only a third. Then there’s the phenomenon researchers call the “glass cliff,” in which women are more likely to be appointed to lead companies already in crisis, which sets them up for failure. Mayer had an admittedly “uneven record” at Yahoo. But there’s also no denying that male and female CEOs face different sets of risks and rewards.

8-5-16 Changes in 47 years
Changes in 47 years
When Hillary Clinton graduated from Wellesley in 1969, only 8 percent of women had completed four years of college and 42 percent held jobs outside the home. Women married at an average age of 21. Today, 33 percent of women have graduated college, 58 percent hold paying jobs, and women marry at an average age of 27.

8-2-16 Pope Francis sets up commission to study question of women deacons
Pope Francis sets up commission to study question of women deacons
Pope Francis has set up a special commission to study whether women will be allowed to become deacons in the Catholic Church. The issue has historically troubled the Church, with many opposing the appointment of females. The commission of seven men and six women will study the issue, and look into the historical role of women in the early years of the Church. Deacons are a clergy rank one below priest. They are ordained ministers who can preach or preside over weddings and funerals, but cannot celebrate Mass. Supporters say women are poorly represented within the church and that appointing female deacons would give women greater sway in decision-making. (Webmaster's comment: 2,000 years and Catholics still have problems seeing women as equals.)

8-2-16 Iran's Rouhani shelves civil service exam over female discrimination
Iran's Rouhani shelves civil service exam over female discrimination
Iranian women are under-represented in the workplace despite a high number of graduates. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has postponed the annual civil service entry exam because of concerns it discriminates against women. Mr Rouhani ordered a review of all 3,000 jobs on offer, and a rethink if they were found to be biased to men. Some departments, such as the Judiciary Organisation of Military Forces, which is controlled by hardliners, are open almost exclusively to men. Mr Rouhani has a track record of speaking out on women's rights. He has appointed a number of women to prominent posts - including Masoumeh Ebtekar as vice-president and head of the Environmental Protection Organisation, and Marzieh Afkham, who was foreign ministry spokesperson, before being appointed ambassador to Malaysia last year. Ms Afkham was the first woman to be made a foreign envoy.

7-31-16 Saatchi boss Kevin Roberts disciplined over gender comments
Saatchi boss Kevin Roberts disciplined over gender comments
The chairman of advertising agency Saatchi and Saatchi has been put on leave for saying the debate on gender bias in the industry is "all over". British-born Kevin Roberts told Business Insider he did not think the lack of women in leadership roles "is a problem" in the advertising industry. The head of the company's parent group, Publicis, said it would not tolerate anyone who did not value inclusion. The group said its board would decide whether to take further action.

7-29-16 Earning no more after 10 years
Earning no more after 10 years
Two-thirds of households in 25 advanced economies, including the U.S., the U.K., France, Italy, Sweden, and the Netherlands, earned the same—or less—in real income in 2014 as they did in 2005, according to a study by the McKinsey Global Institute.

7-28-16 Fewer in U.S. Say Men and Women Have Equal Job Opportunities
Fewer in U.S. Say Men and Women Have Equal Job Opportunities
Approximately half of U.S. adults believe women have equal job opportunities as men, although women themselves (43%) are significantly less likely than men (61%) to agree. The 52% of U.S. adults saying men and women have equal job opportunities is down slightly from 57% in 2008, mostly related to a decline in the percentage of men who hold this view.

Do you feel that women in this country have equal job opportunities as men, or not?

7-27-16 Clinton nomination puts 'biggest crack' in glass ceiling
Clinton nomination puts 'biggest crack' in glass ceiling
Democrats on Tuesday made Hillary Clinton the first woman to head a major party ticket -- and during an emotional night, her family and supporters asked voters to give her a second look. At the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia, just three miles from Independence Hall where the nation was born, a sense of history is palpable -- as is Clinton's willingness to finally enjoy it. "What an incredible honor that you have given me, and I can't believe we just put the biggest crack in that glass ceiling yet," Clinton said via satellite after a video montage showed the faces of all 44 male presidents before shattering like glass to reveal Clinton waiting to address the convention from New York.

7-15-16 Second-class even into retirement
Second-class even into retirement
After age 65, women are 80 percent more likely to live in poverty than men, a new study by the National Institute on Retirement Security has found. Women generally are paid less over a lifetime than men, and are more likely to depend on Social Security as their biggest source of income. Associated Press

7-15-16 No matter what the woman's occupation
No matter what the woman's occupation
Female doctors at 24 of the nation’s largest public medical schools earn an average of nearly $20,000 less a year than their male colleagues, according to an analysis by the journal JAMA Internal Medicine. Before adjusting for factors like age, experience, and specialty, the absolute pay difference between male and female doctors averages $51,315 a year.

7-12-16 Will automated vehicles accelerate women's rights in Saudi Arabia?
Will automated vehicles accelerate women's rights in Saudi Arabia?
The adoption of automated vehicles may provide an economic boost for some of Saudi Arabia's future cities, yet the issue raises questions for the country's roughly 14 million inhabitants who are not allowed behind the wheel: its women. Women's rights in Saudi Arabia are dictated by Sharia law as interpreted through Wahhabism, a strict form of the Sunni branch of the faith born in the sands of the desert kingdom. Under a system of enshrined male patronage, in addition to not being able to drive, women cannot obtain a passport, marry, travel, or pursue higher education without the permission of a male guardian. Furthermore, with the exception of a medical emergency, women are not allowed to expose certain parts of their body or even see a male doctor without a male guardian present. The country spends billions keeping women off the road by ensuring the need for a steady stream of foreign drivers to transport women around. Right now, Saudi women are only allowed to get behind the wheel of the country's bumper cars, lest they be lashed or jailed for violating a religious fatwa, or Islamic legal opinion. "The grand mufti claimed that allowing women to drive would result in public 'mixing' of women, put women into dangerous situations because they could be alone in cars, and therefore result in social chaos," the Washington Post reported a cable as saying in 2011.

6-23-16 Asian millionaires 'top wealth rankings'
Asian millionaires 'top wealth rankings'
Asian millionaires now control more wealth than those in North America, Europe and other regions, according to a report from finance firm Capgemini. Driven by China and Japan, Asia's millionaires saw their wealth jump by 10% in 2015, the firm's World Wealth Report found. Worldwide, the wealth controlled by millionaires grew 4% last year to $58.7 trillion (£39.5 trillion). Earlier this year, Oxfam found that the richest 1% now have as much wealth as the rest of the world combined.

The 62 richest people in the world are worth more than the poorest 50%

6-17-16 Big firms pledge to fight gender pay gap
Big firms pledge to fight gender pay gap
ome of the largest companies in the country “are taking it upon themselves to address” pay inequity, said Alicia Adamczyk in Amazon, Johnson & Johnson, and PepsiCo were among 28 major firms this week to sign the White House Equal Pay Pledge, part of the Obama administration’s effort to fight against unequal wages for men and women. By signing the pledge, the companies promise to conduct an annual analysis of their pay breakdown, as well as review their hiring and promotion practices.

6-13-16 Quick fixes on stereotypes won’t mean more female scientists
Quick fixes on stereotypes won’t mean more female scientists
Some differences in academic performance in scientific subjects are put down to people conforming to invalid gender stereotypes. But the case is far from clear. A popular explanation is the idea that a person conforms to a perceived stereotype about themselves – something called stereotype threat. For example, girls performing less well at maths because they have heard that boys are better at the subject. The effect of such stereotypes may then go on to affect subject choices and career paths. This idea has become one of the most studied theories in social psychology, and has been tested in hundreds of experiments. But the latest results suggest the consequences of stereotyping by race or gender are less clear than we previously thought.

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from 2016 2nd Half

Women's Inequality News Articles from 2016 1st Half